Through the Bible in a Year – April 30

The Scheme for March – April can be found here

Jdg 3-4; Mark 6:30-end; Psalm 148-150

‘for their hearts were hardened . . .’

I often feel a chill when I read these words. Of course we are so used to hearing them in the context of the enemies of God – Pharaoh a clear example. And how when the hearts remain hard, God then hardens the heart further, that his glory might be revealed. Again Pharaoh is a prime example and Paul uses similar imagery in Romans 1.

But here the words are doubly chilling, for it is the disciples whose hearts are hard. Mark’s account is unremittingly hard on the disciples from beginning to end. They do not understand parables – presumably because of their hardness of heart? – and now we are told that their hearts were hardened evidenced in their did not understanding about the loaves. They saw Jesus walking on the water, but they hadn’t got the point about the loaves. It was as if they hadn’t seen the LORD providing Manna for his people. They, like the people of Nazareth, did not recognise the Saviour standing amongst them. But of course it is precisely in God’s saving acts that this hardness is evidenced – be it Pharaoh’s or the disciples. The close presence of God seems almost to do this as if by default.

I think we need to be careful here not to assume we do not fall into the same category. I mean, if the disciples Saw Jesus and did not believe, why do we assume that we do? Might it be that all out carefully built walls of ‘doctrine’ and ‘truth’ – our easy proclamation ‘thus saith the LORD’, is in fact nothing but our own hardness. Our towers of certitude just the projection of our own rebellion against God. For indeed He only dies for his enemies.

In every way that we make lives for ourselves at whatever level, we fail to understand about the loaves

Through the Bible in a Year – April 29

The Scheme for March – April can be found here

Jdg:1-2; Mark 6:1-29; Ps 146-7

Words, as we have noted several times already have real power. Here we see the power fo words revealed in two different ways.

Firstly we see the power of words to enslave and entrap in Herod and his foolish promise. esus himself warns us against making vows. For every careless word leads to judgement of one form or another. They create realities in which we must then live, held by the vow [Marriage is a case in point here]. Herod creates a world of promise, that is far from promising. Although he is supposedly all-powerful, he is caught by his words and John the Baptist pays.

In a sense that is what is going on in the opening chapters of Judges. The children of Israel give their devotion, that which belongs to God, to the Ba’als and so are themselves entrapped. Indeed this entrapment to idols is a repetitive theme not just throughout judges but indeed the entirety of Scripture. That which we sacrifice for in the end holds us. We make promises. We create worlds. When we lay down our lives for that which is not God, the path is one of slavery, not freedom.

Then comes Jesus to Nazareth. Here the force of Jesus words is disturbing to them who thought they knew him. Jesus is in a very real sense ‘out of place’, ‘my kingdom is not of this world’ – and his words do not find a home. Here again we continue Mark’s theme of the hidden Messiah – they hear his words, but they do not See the one who speaks to them.

Words of promise lead to entrapment. Words of Freedom lead to rejection. Much to ponder

Sermon for Easter 5 – Sunday 28th April – Year C

Sermon for Easter 5 – 2013 – Year C

Acts 11:1-18
Revelation 21:1-6
John 13:31-35




“The sign”
That our Life together brings glory to God

“Are you a real Christian?” . . . I wonder how many of us have been brought up short by such a question. I remember in my early years at University being troubled deeply by that question, usually on the lips of very eager believers, who wanted to know ‘Are you Saved?’ ‘Really Saved?’ ‘Very Very Saved so that you know deep within your heart that you are a Christian??’ One could always walk away from such well meaning folk, although the question still ran around in your mind and troubled you at night.

I remember an atheist famously questioning my faith as he knew the Bible far better than I. And so I went seeking security, I went seeking security. The story went on after I had ‘Chosen to follow Christ’, for then the question was – ‘but you were baptised as a baby! How can you Really be a Christian . . .’, so one evening I went along to a local church where we had a special service for ‘Renewal of our Baptismal vows, and full immersion’, but then . . . the questions came from another angle – ‘do you speak in tongues?’ For ‘this is The authentic sign that you Are a child of God.’ Like many of my and earlier generations I sang with Gusto the song ‘He lives he lives Christ Jesus lives today, he walks with me and talks with me along life’s narrow way. He Lives. He Lives. Salvation to impart. You ask me how I know he lives, he lives within my heart . . .’ but all the while the questions, one after the other, and not just from individuals challenging me, but also from the pulpit.

“Are you a real Christian?” I wonder how many folk here flinched, thinking ‘here we go again! My faith is going to be called into question, is it the real thing?’ “Are you a Christian?” I hope I have not preached such a sermon here, but I know I have preached them elsewhere, and I have come to understand that this is wrong, very wrong. Not because our faith is a personal thing and shouldn’t be called into question – but because it is a meaningless question. For the measure of the Reality of the LIfe amongst us cannot be found in anything that we have done. Rather it is in what God has done in Christ and the Risen Christ is doing among us . . . “Are you a real Christian?” is actually a very poor question. It is a question which assumes we are all individuals and that the church is nothing more than a collection of individual believers, which it is most certainly not. As always, our real need is not for answers but for better questions

You will remember that last week I made reference to a friend who was troubled in this particular respect. Ruth is someone I know from my previous parish, someone who has always prayed, who has always understood herself as a child of God. Although she lived away from home, she came to her mother church to be married, and I prepared her and her fiance and found her to be a thoughtful Christian woman. But when she contacted me, she was troubled, and her worries seemed all too familiar.
Following the birth of her children had gone along to her local Anglican church to seek baptism for the child. Well they had a good priest there who invited both Ruth and her husband along to Baptism classes. To cut a long story short, Ruth now is involved in giving these classes. But she was troubled because folk in her church were saying in effect ‘to be a Real Christian, you need to have given your life entirely to Jesus’ . She wanted to know what I thought.
My response was that at the end of John’s gospel, when Jesus asks Peter the first two times, ‘Do you love me?’ he is saying in effect ‘have you given your life entirely to me?’ – and Peter responds ‘actually no, but I am trying to be a friend’. Finally Jesus asks him ‘are you trying to be my friend’ Peter says yes. Put another way – Jesus asks him twice ‘Are you a real Christian’ Peter twice shies away from it, Jesus then asks him, ‘are you any kind of christian at all?’ Peter says ‘yes this is what I’ve been saying all along, I’m a really rubbish Christian’ and Jesus makes him the first pope 🙂

We would think that Jesus would only entrust his church to someone of such monumental integrity and honour, someone who was completely ‘sold out for Jesus’, someone who had abandoned EVERYTHING, someone who WOULD die with him – but no. Jesus picks Peter to be the Rock on which he builds his church . . . And still 2000 years on, the church hasn’t begun to understand this . . . Anyway, Ruth was very happy with that answer – well I think it was my answer. It might have been my offer to punch the lights out of anyone who said she wasn’t a Christian. 🙂

Now its helpful to continue to think of Peter for a moment, it’s always helpful to think of Peter – for our reading from Acts finds him up against something which sounds very familiar . . . to put it into this ‘Are you a Christian language’ Peter is relating the story of his call to go to the house of Cornelius – called to a bunch of ‘God fearing Gentiles’ But people who could not possibly be Christians!! (Actually for Peter read ‘God’s people’) They are outsiders – they are Not God’s people. Of course they could convert and become ‘Jews’ – that is in the understanding of those first believers, there is something they could do to become ‘God’s people’.
How did you become one of God’s people? What did you have to do? To put it in the language of our question ‘How did you become a real Christian?’ The answer was – you were circumcised’ [Of course this was adult circumcision 🙂 not infant circumcision 🙂 It is strange that there never seemed to be a dispute over which type of circumcision was ‘better’ :), ‘Oh I chose to be circumcised . . .’ ‘I’ve given myself totally to God, unlike those of you who just found yourself circumcised . . .]
So when Peter goes back to Jerusalem where the Apostles, those ’really on fire for Jesus missionary Christians’ . . . whom we note haven’t got out of Jerusalem yet, even though great persecution has broken out 🙂 . . . when he goes back they don’t say – Great! The Gentiles are God’s people now also. They criticize Peter “Why did you go to uncircumcised men and eat with them?” Why did you go to those who are not God’s people? Why did you share food with them? To put it another way, why did you share in Life with them?

So Peter tells them – he recounts the story of the dream – about not calling unclean, that which God has declared clean. And going to Joppa, and then he recounts what happens . . . And as I began to speak, the Holy Spirit fell upon them just as it had upon us at the beginning. 16And I remembered the word of the Lord, how he had said, ‘John baptized with water, but you will be baptized with the Holy Spirit.’ 17If then God gave them the same gift that he gave us when we believed in the Lord Jesus Christ, who was I that I could hinder God?” What does he see? He sees the LIfe of God poured out and present amongst these people – they have been made God’s people – they didn’t get circumcised, they didn’t line up and ask Jesus into their heart. They do Nothing! And God makes them his people, indiscriminately – they haven’t even prayed the sinners prayer!!!

And the sign, How does Peter know that God has made them his people? The Life of God amongst them – The Holy Spirit fell on THEM not just one or two, here or there, not those who have responded in their hearts, All of them. As God saved the people of Israel from Egypt as a job lot – warts and all – this is how he continues to work. Just making people his people. For the Proud Western individualistic mindset this is the hardest thing to accept, that we do nothing – it is all grace and it is Communal . . . remember last week? The story of the community in Fiji? How their witness was that ‘We are grateful that the gospel was sent to Us . . .’ ‘We share everything we have with one another . . .’

The Chief did not say to us ‘You must give your life to Jesus, entirely . . .’ He said – We became Christians and now we share everything we have with one another. As I said last week one of the few occasions I have Seen the Kingdom of God Clearly.

What is the sign? The life of God amongst them. What is the sign, not that ‘you’ or ‘you’ or ‘you’ is a Christian. Indeed if you are asked by that the simple reply is that by baptism I was made a member of the church, therefore I am a Christian. But that is a bad question – the real question is ‘Are we God’s people . . .’ and the evidence??

Little children, I am with you only a little longer. You will look for me; and as I said to the Jews so now I say to you, ‘Where I am going, you cannot come.’ 34I give you a new commandment, that you love one another. Just as I have loved you, you also should love one another. 35By this everyone will know that you are my disciples, if you have love for one another.” Jesus says, people will not know ‘You’ to be a Christian apart from your brothers and sisters – By this EVERYONE will know that you are my disciples because you love one another as i have loved you.

Jesus is not interested in you ‘being a Christian’ – he never told anyone to ‘be a Christian’. Rather he formed a community of people by commanding them to follow Him, a people whose life was his life. The question is not ‘Have I given my life to Jesus’ Actually when we truly Hear the gospel it puts an end to our questions. Peter tells the Apostles and other believers 7If then God gave them the same gift that he gave us when we believed in the Lord Jesus Christ, who was I that I could hinder God?” 18When they heard this, they were silenced. the questions come to an end And they praised God, saying, “Then God has given even to the Gentiles the repentance that leads to life.” It is not the question ‘have I given my life to Jesus’ It is the Fact ‘God has given his life to us. The shift from I to We – the biggest shift we need in the Church – He gives us something to do . . . get baptised? Jesus wants us to entirely give our lives . . . to each other

As I told my friend Ruth, I have yet to meet this mythical Real Christian, the one who has utterly given their life to Jesus. From time to time I hear a rumour of one, but I suspect that if one does exist, living the fully surrendered life, we would not hear of it, for only Jesus would be visible . . . no all I meet is a bunch of folks who like me are stumbling along, trying to make sense of this whole thing, but many of whom are labouring under a misapprehension, that there’s something they still haven’t done to be a Real Christian . . . but my brothers and sisters that is not the point . . . Yes, there Is something to do, not to be REALLY saved, No. NOw that God has given this Life even to us , Now he has saved us, Now He has made us christians – WE are to live it. WE.

So when I say – ‘we cannot live the Christian life on our own’, we modern individualists might hear me saying – we need each other so that as individuals we can live the life. That is not what I mean. We need each other because the Christian Life is Loving one another as Jesus has loved us. In other words, the needing one another IS the life of Jesus. Sharing Life, is Sharing HIs Life. Church is not a place where we get equipped to better go live the Christian Life – no it is the community where the Christian Life is known. And God is glorified in that way. For here, with one another, We are by Grace, God’s people. The Church is not a means to individual salvation, it is the place where Salvation is encountered. It is not a place where we come to get help with our individual lives – it is the Community where true Life is found.

Through the Bible in a Year – April 28

The Scheme for March – April can be found here

Jos 23-24; Mark 5; Psalm 145

Freedom is elusive and unless the Son sets you free, deceitful

As the encounter of Jesus with the demoniac in the country of the Gerasenes opens – we can readily see the one who is not free, or so it seems. The focus is on the one who ‘immediately’ meets Jesus. He is in bondage, from two related sources. Legion, who possesses him, and those of the surrounding area who chain him.

Think what a figure of fear he would have been. The endless children who would be told stories about him, to keep them in their place. They would feel secure with him chained up . . . Their ‘freedom’ is defended . . . heavily

And Jesus frees the man by giving the demons permission to enter the swine. Note carefully what happens. The demoniac begs Jesus not to send the demons away, he is in their thrall.

but after he is set free (note, once Legion is departed, there are no chains) the people beg Jesus to leave their neighbourhood. Ultimately they are revealed as the ones who are not free. They needed the demoniac to assure them of their Rightness – now they have no measure for it. Jesus as the truly Free one has come amongst them and they are revealed to be in shackles. He must go, or else they will not be able to maintain the illusion of freedom.

Freedom is the cry of the Revolutionary who brings tyranny, and the one who would seek we be in thrall to some other god. Only the Son of man can in truth set you free , all other freedoms are a deceit.

Colossians – Part 2

Through the Winter months (here in New Zealand) – I am again teaching through a single book of Scripture.

This year, I am teaching on Colossians

You may well ask, ‘where is Part 1??’ :). Well I hope to have a recording of it to upload before too long, but a brief precis is included in these notes for this week’s ‘lecture’

Hopefully again I will have a recording to add, but for now here are the notes.

Colossians Session 2


•Location of Colossae – in the ‘birthplace of ‘Christian theology’’ – Asia Minor

•Authorship – Paul or ‘Deutero-Paul’ – As we shall see, there a re very significant elements of the letter that are clearly Pauline theology

•Paul – Apostle

•Ministry of Word and Prayer

•Teacher of faith

•Dominant concerns

•Christology – Ecclesiology – Ethics – The significance of their relationship

•‘Pray-er’ – ‘A theologian is one who prays, and one who prays is a theologian’ Evagrius Ponticus

•‘Paul’ has not been to Colossae – although he knows some of the believers there

•He ‘Always give thanks’ –

•He speaks in terms of fruitfulness – a theme common with John (of Ephesus) cf Also exalted Christology

Chapter 1 vs 9-12 – Paul’s prayer

•Ceaseless – 1Th 5:17 – Prayer as a state of being cf vs 3 ‘Gratitude’ – this is not hyperbole but we need to understand how this is so

•Paul’s Soteriology as Ontological, not Forensic – thus ‘Always’

•Salvation is about a changed existence – New Creation – New Being (as opposed to doing differently) – This becomes clearer once we get to Paul’s Christology

•‘Filled with the knowledge of God’s will in all spiritual wisdom and understanding’

•The will of God – We will see this in a few verses time, but we need at this point to understand

•a) that it is Cosmic. Not about which socks we should put on 🙂

•Your Kingdom Come, Your will be done one Earth as in heaven

•b) That it cannot be known outside of Christ

•‘that you may lead lives worthy of the Lord, fully pleasing to him, as you bear fruit in every good work and as you grow in the knowledge of God’

•ethics arising from knowing what God’s will is (in Christ)

•Lives aligned with God’s purposes

•Knowledge OF God – not knowledge about, nor Pragmatic knowledge e.g. How to live a good life Cf Philippians 3:7-11

•Participation in the divine life – Theosis


•Giving thanks to the Father who has enabled you ‘to share in the inheritance of the saints in light’

•Language of the Father in the Prodigal – ‘All I have is yours’

Chapter 1 vs 13-19 – The Christological hymn (?)

•Intro :- Inheritance is to be transferred into the Kingdom of his beloved son

•Difficulty with Kingdom/Heaven language – ‘Another time, another place’?

•Where and when is ‘Kingdom/Heaven’? Cf John’s use of ‘eternal life’

•This misunderstanding has seriously hindered the life of the church. What is the Present significance of the Resurrection??

•[The Father] has rescued us . . . and transferred us. Something is already effected

•. . . in whom [the Son] we have redemption, the forgiveness of sins. The Significance of the preposition – we will come back to this

Forgiveness of sins is THE point but not, I suggest, in the way we have been taught in The West

[For a fascinating Eastern perspective on this – Fr Stephen Freeman has written once more a fine blog. I also recommend much of the ensuing discussion]

•The Hymn

He [Christ] is the image [ikon] of the invisible God

The firstborn of all Creation

For in him all things in heaven and earth were created

(things visible and invisible,

whether thrones or dominions or rulers or powers)

All things have been created through him and for him

He himself is before all things,

And in him all things hold together.

He is the head [kephale] of the body, the church

He is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead

so that he might come to have the first place in everything

For in him, all the fulness of God was pleased to dwell, (Cf v.9)

And through him God was pleased to reconcile to himself all things, (2 Cor 5:19)

(whether on earth or in heaven)

by making peace through the blood of his cross

•Scope of Salvation – total – All things – First place in Everything

•Place of Creation and Salvation – In Him [Romans 3:24-5][1]

•Ontological, NOT Forensic

•Thus Christ is Far far more than a means of Life – in the forensic sense – He is Life – the LIfe of all things especially the church

[1] Strong indicative that this Is Paul – his theology of atonement exactly matched that set out in Romans 3 – although masked by cultural / language issues

Through the Bible in a Year – April 27

The Scheme for March – April can be found here

Jos 21-22; Mark 4; Psalm 143 -144

Following on from yesterday, there are two ways in which the conflict theme continues here in our reading from Mark.

Jesus is in hidden conflict with the crowds – for he speaks to them in parables. We are reminded that parables are not neat moral tales in which the meaning is obvious. Let us not be taken in, for all our exposure to them as moral tales in Sunday schools, what would WE make of the parable of the Sower were we to hear it for the first time?

Is not Jesus explanation to the disciples only clear to us because we have heard him explain it?

So Jesus is in conflict with the crowds. He tells them tales but as the Messiah is hidden in Mark’s gospel, so his words are also, and we must never forget this we who think we are the ‘in crowd’. Indeed Jesus is shown to be in conflict also with the disciples also. He tells them, ‘if you don’t understand this one, how will you understand any of the parables’

Herein is a point often missed. The parable of the Sower is as it were a key to unlock the meaning of all parables. If we don’t get this one, Jesus is saying, then all the others are closed to us.

So we would do well to contemplate the explanation Jesus gives, and I will resist the temptation to ‘snatch the word away’, by closing down ‘the answer’

Instead, at the danger of distracting us from this important task, I would highlight the Sower. There is nothing of careful application of the seed. Rather a divine carelessness in the true sense. The Word is spread gratuitously. Like rain it falls on the deserving and the undeserving. The deaf and the hearing alike are the ground onto which the seed is scattered.

Jesus throughout the gospels associates with those whom society reveres and those it despises. Those who have done well in the terms the world sets, and those ‘ne’er do wells’ – but it is those who have accepted the world’s values of what constitutes the Good Life, who not only accept it but in so doing close it off to others, those who act as gatekeepers, are the ones who find themslelves out of the Salvation story that Jesus is announcing.

The Sower is gratuitous – we would do well not to be too careful ourselves, to rush to close down the story.

Through the Bible in a Year – April 26

The Scheme for March – April can be found here

Jos 19-20; Mark 3; Psalm 141-142

As we read Mark 3 – we cannot escape the theme of Conflict. It has already arisen with the scribes in Chapter two – life in the forgiveness of sins is breaking into the world, and the world is disrupted.

Over and over again we see this disruption in Chapter 3 – Jesus comes into conflict of the life denying tradition of the Pharisees. As He is troubled in his gut before the tomb of Lazarus, so also he is angered before the life denying of the Pharisees. Life breaks forth and Death stalks the scene – conflict

The crowds crush in on him – Life is being squeezed out – the demons get in on the act. Seeking to push Jesus into their deadly mould – to announce himself, rather than Life.

He chooses 12, but even amongst these there is one who will be the means by which the Conflict will be brought to a head

He is accused of casting out demons by the prince of demons – Life is called Death by those that would negate it, the blasphemy against the Holy Spirit.

And finally even his family try to restrain him. Here perhaps of all places in this passage we are challenged too. We may side with Jesus easily, and perhaps unthinkingly in all the other situations (although our actions may well betray us . . .) But here, Jesus takes that which is often most precious to so many, family and declares it a hindrance to Life. And of course it so often is. How often ‘family matters’ close us off to other people, and to the Life that is to be known in the community of Christ’s people.

Family values it strikes me, are a way in which we cloke our discipleship in a form of deceit. We say we have given up all to follow him, but our family in a sense becomes our last line of defence against this Life.

This life so evident in Christ, redefines family in terms of the Kingdom of God – we are invited to a new, huge family – one which does not act as a barrier to the outsider – but one which welcomes one and all.

That may well be the key way we find ourselves in conflict with Jesus.

But having found ourselves with him, and remember that the key question we ask is not ‘is he with me?’, but ‘am I with him?’, now we find ourselves in the midst of the same conflict – Life versus death, healing versus tradition, exclusive relationships versus open ones. [A reminder also that Jesus isn’t all that taken with marriage either – see Luke 18:29, 20:34-35 ]

Through the Bible in a Year – April 25

The Scheme for March – April can be found here

Jos 16-18; Mark 2 Psalm 140

In my desk bible, the text from Mark is headed, ‘the healing of the paralytic.

I wonder what it is that catches our attention in this well known story – we must have seen it in our minds eye many times. The four friends who break a hole in the ceiling to get their paralysed friend to Jesus. I wonder How we saw it – what was the message we came away with.

Of course if it was told perhaps to a Sunday School class, the emphasis might have been on the four friends – or the drama of the breaking ceiling – or the man getting up and walking. Just another of Jesus’ miracles . . .

But read the text again – the focus is clear – it is on Jesus’ forgiving the man – everything else, Including the ‘healing’ is peripheral. There is a conflict – can a man forgive sin??? The scribes who saw him accused him of blasphemy . . . note they saw it as a sin of speech. Jesus in his reply does not treat it in the same terms. ‘To show you that the Son of Man has authority to forgive sins’ Jesus contends that the words ‘your sins are forgiven you’ are effectual, they are the vehicle for the forgiveness, in a sense they are sacramental.

The healing of the man’s paralysis is a sign – it is not The Thing. That is the forgiveness of sins.

There are many parallels between Mark and Johns’ gospels. In John there is also a healing of a paralytic on a mat (Ch 5) – although he has no friends to bring his to Jesus . . . but also in John Jesus emphasises his Word, if you must then believe because of the miracles . . . (10:38, 14:11)

At the heart of this story is the heart of Life – that forgiveness of sins is the door to real life – knowing we are forgiven sets us free. our understanding of sin is so shallow, in that we tend only to hink of it in terms of what offence it causes to us. But as Jesus shows it is not so much offence, indeed the Scribes are offended – perhaps we ought to stop thinking of sin as being offensive to God, at least in the terms in which it is offensive to us. The Scribes are offended by what they hear as Jesus sinful behaviour.

Perhaps we would do well of thinking of sin as something which fundamentally damages us, and affects us at a most profound level, at every level of our being. And see in the healing the confirmation that the man is forgiven – for the deepest damage as been healed – telling him to take up his mat and walk is, contrary to the challenge Jesus lays down, actually really easy thing. Perhaps if we found it easy and natural to forgive sins, as God in Christ evidently does, we too might find it easier to say ‘take up your mat and walk!’ . . .




Through the Bible in a Year – April 24

The Scheme for March – April can be found here

Jos 15; Mark 1; Psalm 139

Of all the Psalms, perhaps 139 is the one which should cause us the greatest comfort. ‘Lord you have searched me and you know me . . . Yet . . .

At the opening of the Anglican Eucharist we pray – Almighty God, unto whom all hearts are open, and from whom no secrets are hid . . .

Perfect Love casts out fear, says the beloved disciple.  It is perhaps a measure of how far we have progressed in the Christian life being able to say this, not out of fear, because we feel we are ‘good people’, but because we know that God loves us although we are far from ‘good’.

The last few verses may cause difficulty for some, but this is the gift of the Psalms, in a sense after Psalm 1, Psalm 139 holds the key to praying the Psalms. For we begin in this as in all true prayer as open to God. In all our goodness, and in all that is not good – we bring our selves before God – and thus we may well pray things that those who pretend to be good might think terrible.

For where can we safely pour out EVERYTHING that is on our hearts – even the ‘unpresentable’ parts – except to the one who knows us through and through – who is nearer to us than we are to ourselves. It is in such openness that the healing of who we are takes place


Through the Bible in a Year – April 23

The Scheme for March – April can be found here

Jos 12-14; Phm 1; Psalm 137-138

Whenever we read Scripture we need to be alert to two significant hindrances to hearing the text. One is relatively easy to deal with, the other presents us with far more problems.

The first is that of the cultural situation out of which the Scriptures are written. In other words there are elements in the text which we might either not understand, or worse misunderstand because we do not know ‘what life was like in those days’. [Misunderstanding is of course far worse than not understanding. When we misunderstand we think we understand and so may well act or speak on the basis of this and who knows where that might lead. At least if we do not understand the text, then we can be silent before it – which as most of our predecessors in faith would tell us is ‘No Bad Thing’.

That of course can be relatively easily remedied – certainly for anyone reading this. the internet has a wealth of information about such matters as context and with a wise and trusted guide, we can learn a tremendous amount about such matters. Indeed our knowledge of these things has grown exponentially over the last century or so . . . which isn’t necessarily a good thing . . . but another time

It is the second problem which provides us with more of a problem – that of not understanding how where we stand, our culture, our basic understandings about the world in which we live. Not understanding how these shape our reading of the text. It is as if we are wearing a pair of glasses which we’ve had on for so long, we forget they are there. We assume our vision is 20/20. [This is similar to the assumptions we make about what others are saying to us – both of these problems exist to one degree or another. We are aware that we might not understand someone else, but we forget that to truly understand them, we must also understand ourselves :)]

So we come to the text of Philemon, and as many have done, we may well throw up our hands in horror. Here is the Apostle Paul, apparently commending slavery!! . . .

So, firstly, cultural situation. There is no social security. Life is tough. People inevitably find themselves in situations where the only option they have is to sell themselves, or starve. One aspect of slavery in the times of the early church is that for SOME slaves, those with kind owners, it actually provided them with a degree of comfort and security that many of their contemporaries would not have known. This is not to condone it – for a human cannot own another human . . . and of course we in our age know that is true and we don’t have slavery . . .   .  .  .

Second problem, we don’t recognise how prevalent slavery of one form or another is in our world today. Firstly there is the most base form, where people can only sell themselves for the meagrest of food and shelter. Indeed like it or not, a not insubstantial segment of our world’s economic order relies on what might look to the eye of a contemporary of Paul just like slavery. It’s just that we don’t call it that.

Where folk have no choice about their work ( a comparative luxury ) – where taking what is on ‘offer’, on whatever terms is a matter of life or death – then not to call it slavery is mere semantics, an attempt to suggest that WE would never engage in such things.

But more – come to Paul – for he teaches us we all can learn from , especially those of us who emply our brother and sister Christians . . .

For Paul appeals to Philemon that he receive Onesimus back, not just forgiven for running away, but as his brother in Christ. For Paul the relationship Philemon shares with Onesimus over rules the wider story in society about slaves and owners. None of us own our brothers and sisters – we are their keepers . . .

Imagine what it might be like to work for a Christian who saw you as a brother first and an employee . . . well a very distant second.

As we began considering – there are two problems we face when we come to the text of Scripture – both ways of seeing the world, or struggling to see it. In this text we are confronted with a New way of seeing the World and those who dwell in it – as brothers and sisters, as fellow heirs with Christ.